An Experiment on the Causes of Bank Run Contagions

Date: 2012
By: Surajeet Chakravarty (Department of Economics, University of Exeter)
Miguel A. Fonseca (Department of Economics, University of Exeter)
Todd Kaplan (Department of Economics, University of Exeter)
URL: http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:exe:wpaper:1206&r=net
To understand the mechanisms behind bank run contagions, we conduct bank run experiments in a modified Diamond-Dybvig setup with two banks (Left and Right). The banks’ liquidity levels are either linked or independent. Left Bank depositors see their bank’s liquidity level before deciding. Right Bank depositors only see Left Bank withdrawals before deciding. We find that Left Bank depositors’ actions signicantly affect Right Bank depositors’ behavior, even when liquidities are independent. Furthermore, a panic may be a one-way street: an increase in Left Bank withdrawals can cause a panic run on the Right Bank, but a decrease cannot calm markets.
Keywords: bank runs, contagion, experiment, multiple equilibria.
JEL: C72
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