|By:||Stefano Comino (University of Udine)
Fabio Maria Manenti (University of Padua)
The aim of this study is to provide a structured review of the role of IPR in fostering innovation and economic growth in the European ICT sector. Typically IPR analysis of industries focuses on patents. In practice, however, IPR strategies are developed combining the use of different IP rights. The scope of analysis considers this and looks at the joint use of patents, trademarks and industrial designs, each protecting a different type of knowledge-based asset. Based on these characteristics, the focus of the research is to provide an overview of the mechanisms typically employed in order to appropriate the returns from R&D investments. For each formal IPR, we briefly review the main contributions to the economic literature, both theoretical and empirical, on the rationale for its existence and the effects it generates on firmsâ€™ behaviour and market outcomes. We then highlight the most important emerging issues. In the final section of the study, we focus on the software industry.
|Keywords:||Patents, copyright, trademarks, information and communication technologies, patent thickets, open source, software, mobile applications|
|JEL:||L11 L24 L96 O25 O31 O32 O34 O38 O52|